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How is the real estate industry fighting food waste

How is the real estate industry fighting food waste


One of the major public health crises of the past few years has been an increased focus on food waste. Right now, the planet is producing more food than it ever has before. This has been a development due to tremendous advances in the world of new technology. Already, devices and software have been developed that help farmers in the dairy industry produce more calves and milk. There has also been a push to deal with food waste, with novel decomposers and composting. Sadly, food waste is still a major problem. The National Association of Realtors has partnered with numerous nonprofits to help redistribute food that can be used to feed starving individuals and families.

Food has expiration dates. This helps people at the grocery stores and at home eat and drink healthy foods and beverages. At the same time, just because something is one day past its expiration date doesn’t mean it cannot be nutritious. This is even more important for food that might be unused at certain events. Much of this food ends up getting tossed out, where it doesn’t help anyone. Considering there are millions of people all over the world who might be able to benefit from this food that is otherwise thrown out, this is nothing short of a tragedy. The National Association of Realtors has taken note of this. They have partnered with numerous organizations across the country to help fight food waste. They are encouraging everyone else to do the same.

This organization announced that it would be donating its surplus food items from its countless events over the year to causes that fight against hunger. The organization is already working with the Food Recovery Network (FRN), which uses the boundless energy of college students to help fight this social injustice. For nearly 10 years, this has been one of the leading nonprofit organizations when it comes to food waste. Local restaurants have latched onto the FRN to help distribute food that would otherwise go to waste. The results have been obvious, as millions of people have been fed thanks to the efforts of this organization.

Now, the real estate industry has taken note. Instead of just showing individuals and families living spaces that might have a place for composting, the National Association of Realtors has gotten directly involved. The organization has noted that they serve a tremendous amount of food at its conferences. Often, they overestimate the amount of food they need. Even though there are legal restrictions surrounding what the organization can do with its food, they are still going to do all they can. They are working hard to redistribute unused meals to those who need it most. Seeing this organization work so hard to help those in need has been truly inspiring. With a major event coming up later this year in San Francisco, the FRN has already announced they are ready to help the National Association of Realtors make a positive impact with any food that goes unused.

Bio Food Waste Decomposer – Designed for you who love life

Bio Food Waste Decomposer – Designed for you who love life

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Decoding NB-IOT or CAT-1M for startups

Choosing NB-IOT or CAT-1M for IoT startups

Alexa! I can’t find my glasses! Oh well, we still have to reach there but we are not far. Thanks to the world of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Internet of Things (IoT). However, for all smart devices to have the ability to communicate, you need to be connected.

Initially, devices were able to communicate only in close range using Infrared (IR) or Bluetooth (BT). Then Wi-Fi increased the range and made it smart IoT. As more devices emerged, there was a need to connect these devices on a broader spectrum. Connectivity has moved onwards from closed rooms to buildings, across smart cities, pan countries and now towards globally accessible protocols. In other words, we moved from IR to BT, onwards to WiFi, then GSM based networks.

Applications including Intelligent agriculture, Animal husbandry or Industrial IoT deployment all require a broad-spectrum connectivity. The most common and widely spread connectivity modules include GSM based services dependent on Telcom operators. Major protocols today include – 2G, 3G, 4G, LTE and now we have NB-IoT, CAT-1M and 5G networks in the deployment stage.

Since each protocol practically has its own set of HW and FW requirements, it is not easy to switch from one to another. Development cost is also high. So it is imperative, specially for a new startup or a new product designer that he chooses the right protocol from day 1.

With a plethora of solutions available for connectivity, the designers and companies are faced with this common question. How to choose the appropriate communication module? How to identify and understand the product development costs, product manufacturing costs, and end-user network coverage for each of these protocols? Let us see the hiccups while making a comparison on the protocols.

  1. Traditional 2G, GPRS, 3G and other communication network: Low power use though slow speed. Most operators are phasing out this service gradually so that faster, new technologies can be adopted. This means that the original products designed on these protocols cannot be used anymore.
  2. 4G and 5G are bound to consume a lot of power and hence not suitable for IoT applications.
  3. Only options left is NB-IoT or CAT-1M which most operators are now globally moving towards. But they are also different from each other.
  4. There is no global norm for roll outs of these various technologies. The situation across major operators across the globe differs from country to country. Choosing one protocol means developing a different product for a different market each time and going through all the entry barriers of certifications, testing and approvals. The cost of certifications for each protocol is also very high.

So, how to choose between NB-IoT or CAT-1M?

Here, LABX7 proposes a feasible solution for the startups considering the cost and operator situations. We have developed a solution using Qualctel’s dual-mode communication module. One communication module has passed the global operator’s certification, and is compatible with LTE CATM1 and NB-IoT. The design is compatible with the two communication modules during production according to the requirement of the actual operator of the user. In case of coverage, the user can find the most relevant IoT card in his local area.

Case study – North American market:

Verizon and AT&T, T-mobile, Spring have already deployed the LTE CATM1 network nationwide.

T-Mobile has also opened the NB-IoT network.

LTE CATM1’s traffic fee is more expensive than NB-IoT’s traffic fee, the smallest unit, 30MB maximum data per year, costs around USD 11/year

The minimum unit of NB-IoT traffic fee is USD 5/year

We need to note that the price of the dual-mode communication module is about 30% higher than that of the single CATM1 or NB-IoT communication module.

However, in the early stage of advancing in the market and where the end-user demand is not clear, it is ideal and recommended to adopt a dual-mode communication solution. Once the product is accepted and has a good presence, the volumes would increase. In the case of volume reaching around 100K units, the unit cost comes down to the same level as a single protocol module.


Here is a glance at the main differences between LTE Cat M1 & NB-IoT

What’s LTE Cat M1

LTE Category M1 (Cat M1) is a power and cost optimized cellular technology created for IoT applications that features on a 1.4 MHz (reduced from 20 MHz) spectrum, has a transmit power of 20Bm, and typical upload speeds between 200kpbs and 400 kpbs. This technology can lengthen battery life, potentially by up to a decade.

Verizon, the U.S wireless operator, is going to launch the Cat M1 technology along with multiple companions such as Sequans, U-Blox, Altair, Nokia, Ericsson and Gemalto. It’ll be released over the 4G LTE (Long Term Development) network with an open up environment and is likely to reach nationwide U.S. coverage by the finish of the initial trimester of 2017.

The true benefit of Cat-M over other options out there is that Cat-M works with with the prevailing LTE network. For carriers such as for example Verizon and AT&T, that is great news because they don’t possess to spend cash to build new antennas. They should just upload new software so long as the products operate within its LTE network. The prevailing customer bases of the two companies will likely listen to that Cat-M can be by much the superior option.

Perhaps probably the most innovative things for Cat-M1 is that it is the first LTE based hardware architecture designed designed for low-power and low-cost IoT applications.  Previously, the hardware was usually evolving with quicker data rates to aid broadband (telephone, tablet, etc) applications.

 Why make use of LTE Cat M1?

-Cheaper devices

-Long battery life

-Low data rates

-Extended coverage

-Substantial number of device connections in a cell

To reduce the device cost, it’ll:

•          Decreased RF bandwidth to at least one 1.4 MHz limited to data price up to 1Mbps

•          Single RAT support

•          Limit to 1 antenna

•          Lower modulation (QPSK just)

 To prolong the electric battery life, it introduces unique power setting for UE (Rel. 12, 13):

•          PSM (power conserve mode): I will idle

•          eDRX (prolonged discontinuous reception): allow page-able without Tx

LTE Cat M1 provides new power-saving modes

Energy saving mode (PSM)

UE decides how frequently and for how lengthy it requires to be active to be able to transmit and receive data. Optimum PSM timer is 12.1 days

PSM mode is comparable to power-off, however the UE remains authorized with the network. Which means that when the UE becomes energetic again you don’t have to re-attach or re-set up PDN connections. This eliminates web page monitoring between your data transmissions (UL)

Prolonged DRX cycle (eDRX)

It reduces power usage by extending the sleeping routine in idle mode (up to 40 min). It allows these devices to turn component of its circuitry off through the extended DRX period to save lots of power.

•          eDRX at idle condition: Sleep for longer time but stay attacheded

•          eDRX at connect mode: Sleep for longer period but stay connecteded

•          It is vital that you remember that the UE may ask for to enable both PSM and prolonged idle mode DRX. It really is up to the network to choose whether to permit both, or only 1, or non-e of the capabilities.

•          What about NB-IoT?

•          NB-IoT (also known as Cat-M2) includes a similar objective to LTE Cat-M1, nonetheless it runs on the different technology (DSSS modulation vs. LTE radios). Consequently, NB-IoT doesn’t operate in the LTE band, and therefore providers have an increased upfront price to deploy NB-IoT.

•          Still, NB-IoT is certainly touted as the possibly less expensive option since it eliminates the necessity for a gateway. Additional infrastructures routinely have gateways aggregating sensor data, which in turn communicates with the primary server (here’s a deeper description of gateways). With NB-IoT, sensor data is sent right to the primary server. Because of this, Huawei, Ericsson, Qualcomm, and Vodafone are actively researching and working to commercialize NB-IoT.

Please contact LABX7 (www.labx7.com) to find out how to use dual-mode modules for development and related expenses to bring your IoT products into mass production as soon as possible, to the market, and to gain customer recognition.


LABX7 T330 NB-IoT – A Portable Temperature and Humidity Monitor

LABX7 T330 NB-IoT – A Portable Temperature and Humidity Monitor

The T330 is an aesthetically beautiful and portable temperature and humidity monitor and recording system based on NB-IOT. Now stay connected with your information wherever you are. The T-330 comes with IP66 water proofing housing and can be used in extreme weather conditions. Deep freezer or smart farms, you can now check your levels from the comfort of your palm. The T330 temperature and humidity monitor is not just a visual treat but also light weight and power-packed with features. It comes with built in memory and will generate reports too! Read below for more information.

LABX7 T330 NB-IoT – A versatile temperature and humidity monitor and recorder

LabX7 now integrates temperature sensors with NB-IoT in a beautiful and compact design. Now be connected with your information wherever you desire. NB-IoT temperature sensors transmit data wirelessly to the T330 using the backbone network and Narrowband-IoT communication technology. That means you do not need any additional devices to send measurements from the sensor. The T330 enables, among others measurements recording, notifications about exceeding safe thresholds and generates automatic reports. The devices are powered by 2000mAH batteries that ensure their maintenance-free operation for a period of at maximum two years. The sensor logs 65,000 temperature measurements in its memory.

The T330 is aesthetically pleasing, rugged and compact. The device has low power consumption, strong signal penetration, long communication distance, strong anti-interference ability, and convenient network performance. The temperature and humidity sensor is imported from abroad, and its surface is overmolded, which can reduce the sensor’s influence by external factors such as aging, vibration and volatile chemical gases, ensuring its stability – multiple EMC detection and industrial grade component selection.

Product Features

– Built-in imported high-precision temperature and humidity sensor with high measurement accuracy.

– NB-IOT Narrowband IoT network communication technology, with strong signal penetration, suitable for working in poor communication and complex environments.

– Built-in rechargeable battery, 6-24 months battery life design. 6 months @60 minutes upload

– Dual data insurance mechanism to ensure no data loss.

– Multiple EMC inspection and industrial grade component selection.

– Can be set to disable the shutdown function to prevent human error

– One-click operation, ready to use.

– Support for access to light and vibration sensors.

– IP66 waterproof design to meet most work scenarios.

– OLED screen display, small and beautiful (2/3rd the size of a cigarette box).

The T330 NB-IOT temperature and humidity monitor is suitable for scenarios where the communication signal is relatively shielded, the number of devices accessed is large, and the single battery life time is long. Use case scenarios:

Ice warehouse
T330 Technical specifications                            
Temperature measurement Accuracy±0.5℃(-10~+45℃)
Temperature Range-20~+60℃(Built in probe)、-40~+70℃ (External)
Humidity Measurement±5%RH (20%~80%RH)
±8% RH (other range)
Humidity measurement range1 to 99% RH
TargetingLBS base station positioning
Network standardNB-IOT
SIM cardBuilt in (factory installation)
Upload interval1 minute to 1440 minutes, can be modified by factory configuration or platform software
Excessive alarm promptOLED screen
Equipment operation modeStandard mode, no shutdown mode
Device software upgradeLocal USB interface upgrade, platform remote upgrade
Power supply2000mAh (T330) 3.7V rechargeable lithium battery
Power Adapter5V/1A, micro USB interface
Charging timeAbout 8 hours
EnduranceSee product selection list description
Storage environmentTemperature: -20~+60°C, humidity: 0~99%RH, no condensation
Waterproof levelIP66
Drop ratingReference standard: GB/T 2423.8-1995
Host housingABS
WeightAbout 150g (T330)
Host size53*85*16MM(T330)

Please contact LABX7 to find out how we can assist you to customize the devices to your local eco-system and for test samples. We are keen to help you bring your IoT products to the market, and gain customer recognition!

Cow Collar for Smart Dairy Management – Amazingly More Milk and More calves

Cow Collar for Smart Dairy Management – Amazingly More Milk and More calves

A LabX7 initiative for today’s smart dairy farms using AI & IoT


More Milk & More Calves through smart dairy herd management

Smart Ca$h Cow Collar

A boon for animal husbandry using automation and AI

How to help dairy farms increase milk production and reduce costs using cutting edge technology, Cow intelligence and Internet of Things (IoT)? Did you hear of a smart cow collar?

How much money a dairy farm can earn is closely related to the cow’s annual milk production, and the cow’s annual milk production depends on the cow’s annual lactation period. Therefore, in order to prolong the lactation period of dairy cows, it is essential to timely impregnate the cows. In order to timely impregnate the cows, it is necessary to accurately determine the Estrus period (Also known as Oestrus period) of the cows.

What is Oestrus period or Estrus period?

Oestrus period is a recurring period of sexual receptivity and fertility in female mammals including cows. It is also known as “heat” period or the “cow heat cycle”.

Most dairy plants rely on traditional manual observations to detect cow estrus. This method is not only time-consuming and laborious (often in the middle of the night), but also extremely easy to miss the cow’s estrus period due to missed detection, which is very important for improving the cow breeding rate and milk production which is unfavorable.

Therefore, cow estrus testing is an important part of raising dairy cows. If this work is not done well, it will directly affect the economic benefits of dairy farms in the following ways:

  1. Due to improper handling, it will directly lead to increased production costs, reduced utilization years and food safety risks.
  • Natural estrus cannot be discovered in time and mating is incomplete, leading to the abuse of reproductive hormones.
  • Diseases cannot be detected and diagnosed in time, leading to drug abuse.
  • The lack of professional guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease has led to the abuse of antibiotics.

Let us compare the average milk production per cow that has been adopted in the smart farm management program with a normal cow. A smart farm cow can reach milk production of around 11.8 tons per cow per year. A normal cow without intelligent solutions produces around 2.5 tons of milk in the same period. The difference is quite visible. The low detection rate of Estrus is a very important reason in this case. Hence, you need something to improve the detection level of cow estrus, and the “CA$H COW COLLAR” is the ultimate solution to this problem.

Improve the production and profitability of the dairy farmer by 10X. It is the “CA$H COW COLLAR” or the cow estrus monitoring cloud system developed by LABX7 and senior experts in the livestock industry. The system uses “heat sensor app” along with RF technology to generate the signals and 4G repeaters to complete the network architecture.

Compared with similar products on the market, our ca$h cow collar is designed to automatically upload data and reduce labor costs, while also providing the following distinct advantages. These functions solve the following common problems observed in similar products:

  1. Due to the low recognition rate of the physiological state of the cattle by the automatic equipment, we have improved the cloud algorithm to accurately recognized the physiological state of the cattle through big data and professional machine learning algorithms.
  2. Identify the characteristics of cattle feeding activity and be able to accurately determine the cattle mining.

Existing markets: The smart ca$h cow collar has entered China’s major pastures and have been exported to Bangladesh already. The measured data is very good. Welcome to visit and inspect. We are currently looking for global distribution partners for sales and service to join hands in the future of cattle husbandry. We think the smart ca$h cow collar can be a major game changer for the industry.



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